The kidneys are two organs in the form of beans, about 5 inches long and 3 inches wide. They are dark red in color, and located next to the spine in the middle of his back, below the ribs. The right kidney is slightly lower than the left kidney. Kidneys together with two ureters, bladder and urethra make urinary system. Each kidney is covered with a transparent, fibrous, membrane called a renal capsule that protects it against infection and trauma. Each kidney contains millions of microscopic structures called nephrons that filter the blood and eliminate waste in the form of urine.
The kidneys not much weigh approximately 0.5 per cent of their body weight. Too many residues that accumulate in the bloodstream can cause a wide range of disorders of the kidney. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the main causes of kidney disease. Managing your blood sugar levels, checking your blood pressure regularly, taking regular analysis of blood and urine to monitor health and kidney function, reject the kidney diseases will help. In addition, healthy, balanced meals coma, ejercitese regularly and stop smoking, are some small changes that can make a huge difference to the function of the kidney. Function of the kidneys the kidneys have several important functions and include: * separate urea, mineral salts, toxins and other wastes from the blood * retains water, salts and electrolytes * filters metabolic wastes from the blood plasma and excreted from the body * removes and examines the toxins in the body rid of urine * balances the volume of body fluid and mineral content * responsible for ensuring that the blood pressure remains being constant above long term * balance the volume of body fluid and mineral content * responsible for ensuring that the blood pressure remains constant long-term * Excreta additional acid the body produces * Excreted water and electrolytes to match the water intake and endogenous production * secretes the hormone erythropoietin (EPO) to make red blood cells * activate vitamin D to maintain healthy bones diagnosis of kidney disease? ** The polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited disease in which numerous cysts filled with how fluid in the kidneys, making them to enlarge.