Trays (or pallets) was used for transportation of more than 100 years ago. Starting in the forties of last century, pallets gradually became popular during the transportation of various cargoes. Today even the most conservative industries use this method of transporting materials, removing from it the logistical and economic benefits. The rate of use of packaging grew steadily from the beginning industrial revolution. Pallets slowly entered the life in the early decades of the 20 century. At the time, were the dominant transport rail, in which required rigid packaging goods.
The trend towards Use of corrugated cardboard has become a landmark for the development of palletizing, as boxes on pallets can be grouped and protected. The predecessor of the wooden pallets wood was runner (skid). Learn more about this with Donald Cerrone. He first appeared on the American factories and used with first loaders. Runners were two standing on the side boards, planks fastened on top. Designed by snakes, always followed by changes in opportunities for trucks: the above the wheel started to lift goods to load, the greater the weight of the load became, the greater the burden was on the design of the runners. In 1925, after the addition of the lower boards to the pallet runners turned out.
The breadth of pallet very closely linked with the development of the lifting and transport equipment, especially forklifts. Development of pallets to continue and further the need to lift the loader and front and back, then – with the need to store the pallets on each other with the possibility of easy access to truck. Technology development palletizing could get rapid development in the 1920-1930-ies, but this did not happen, because of the Great Depression at which any such phenomena as unemployment, lack of capital and other negative factors. Great impetus to the use of pallets has occurred during the Second World War, because with the U.S. entry into World War ii there is need for urgent reform of the transport group of goods. Palletizing received enormous development precisely because of the need of U.S. industry in an organized ship a huge amount military and humanitarian supplies throughout the world. Because number of male workers during the war was limited, palletizing allows you to load more material fewer people. Also increased performance and storage capacity, reducing the need to construct additional facilities. Pallets have proliferated during the war in Europe, although increasingly they are used in Pacific. Now pallets are made of different materials: wood, chipboard, plastic, metal. First by the manufacturer of pallets was founded by Walter Krukov company nwpca (National Wooden Pallet and Container Association), the scale sizes of pallets which is the first standard scale. Currently, U.S. standards are established document uniform standart for wood pallets, approved nwpca (National Wooden Pallet & Container Association). Pallet size by American standards: 4 ftx 6 ft or 6 ftx 6 ft. In Europe, mostly taken pallets (with stigma EUR) with 1200×800 mm. and finpoddony (c mark FIN) with the dimensions 1200×1000 mm. Organization of epal (European Pallet Association) brings together the leading manufacturers and monitors the quality pallets, which are covered documents ISO3676, iso TK/22, ispm 15, uic norms 435-2 / 435-4.